In the archaeological museum in Moià we can see the subtractions found in the complex of “El Toll” prehistoric caves. This complex contains four caverns and an abyss that were formed during the period of the Pliocene in the Quaternary.
The main cave has the form of a big T with two exits and an itinerary almost two kilometres long, of which 172.79 yards (158 meters) can be visited. Part of its inside is full of sediments, dragged by the river, that mingle with the remains of animals and of men that lived there in the last 100.000 years.
The archaeological museum is organized in different thematic spaces, from the remains found in the Caves of “El Toll”; they allow us to study the prehistory in the Moianès. There are the following sections:
- Geographical situation of the cave
- The geological formation
- The fauna of the Quaternary (bear of the caverns)
- The human presence and its consequences (lifestyle, work, tools, illnesses and death, burials, dolmens...).
The museum is conceived with a didactic approach.
Archaeological museum of the Cave of “El Toll”: mammals, fauna...
The layers of sediments of the Cave of “El Toll” constitute a true file of its history.
In the excavations thirty-five different species of mammals were found, some of them extinguished. It is one of the richest caves in Europe in fauna of the Quaternary, during the last glaciations (Würm). We can visit these species in the Archaeological museum in Moià.
The prehistoric groups lived in open air and constructed small huts, but the settlements in the cave have preserved better the archaeological remains.
The first humans visited “El Toll” more than 50.000 years ago. We can visit the Archaeological museum to know the different sections of the archaeological museum:
A place to live
Work, hunting and harvest
Agriculture and stock breeding
Craftsmanship and exchanges
Illness and death in “El Toll”
A cave to bury the dead
In 1952 Francesc Rovira accompanied by his mother, Sofia Luitz, entered the prehistoric cave of “El Toll”. In 1954 he discovered and reopened the Cave of “El Toll” at the current entry.
The excavations continued until 1960. The results were referred to in numerous articles, international congresses and in an exhibition in Barcelona. New excavations have been carried out in the years 1976, 1996 and 1998.
Are you a curious person? Do you want to know the Archaeological museum more thoroughly and its archaeological remains?
Ask the archaeologist all you want to know.